Demo 3: How is CD15 antigen assembled on Ceramide?


CD15, also known as Siayl Lewis X, is a polysaccharide antigen expressed on glycolipids and many cell-surface glycoproteins. It is displayed on the surface of a cell and plays a vital role in cell-to-cell recognition processes. It is the ligand for selectins that bind leukocyte and endothelial cells [PMID:7537307] and has been shown to be the major carbohydrate ligand for human sperm-egg binding [PMID:21852454].

CD15 has the label "Ceramide-glyc!G63" and is displayed in this model as:

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Load the map:

Click on Select Dish in the KB Manager.

Click on PreDefined in the pull down menu.

Click on Ceramide-Glycosylation.

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Find CD15 antigen in the network:

Type Ceramide-glyc!G63 in the Find Occurrence Window in the Occurrences tab in the Information Panel.

Click on Tab until Ceramide-glyc!G63 is highlighed.

Click on Find button - occurence node Ceramide-glyc!G63 is centered and circled in red.

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Choose Ceramide-glyc!G63 as a goal:

Click on the highlighted oval in the Graph Panel.

Click on the Make occ a goal button in the Information Panel - the occurrence will turn green.

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Create a Subnet with CD15 as a goal:

Click on Subnet button in the Tool Bar - a new Tab with a new graph will appear.

The new graph shows all the ways that Ceramide can be glycosylated with the sugar portion of CD15. Note that there are four enzymes (B4galt1-4) that can add Gal to the partially assembled glycan chain in rule R05977 and five enzymes (Fut3-7) that can add the final Fuc in rule R06075.

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Find a single path to CD15:

Click on FindPath button in the Tool Bar - a new Tab with a new graph will appear.

The PLA viewer has randomly chosen one enzyme for each reaction showing one of possible ways that Ceramide is glycosylated to make CD15.

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